Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual.

Same-sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2-minute period that online sex cam were coded as containing one or more types of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined when it comes to existence of same-sex intimate behavior. With this product, coders utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period happened between a couple of this exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual intimate issues

Each interval that is 2-minute have been coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which have currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) ended up being additionally coded for whether some of the sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. Because of this item, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual people. Frequently, such responses pertaining to gays and lesbians, although sometimes these were related to bisexuals.

Intimate feedback involving homosexual and lesbian sources can have purposes apart from portraying the sexual issues of those teams such as for instance usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or even to tease someone. Hence, criteria had been founded to make sure that this item had been coded “yes” for an period only if mention intercourse involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual dilemmas of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the responses had been coded within their appropriate intimate talk category but did not count toward a yes reaction with this item. For instance, if a character that is male to guard his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it isn’t like i am homosexual; i simply have not met the best girl!” such a comment could have been coded in the primary coding task within the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he made a mention of their intimate fascination with ladies, nevertheless the mention of perhaps perhaps not being homosexual will never have counted toward an optimistic reaction to the product on speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas.

System Coding

Coder training

For the very first 12 months’s content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from regional universities served as coders; into the 2nd 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) have been either present university students or current graduates carried out the information coding. Six for the programmers labored on both analyses that are content. The stages of coder training included orientation towards the coding task and codebook, big team coding of shows perhaps perhaps not within the test with supervisors, and lastly specific coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows separately after which discussed the outcomes period by period in regular conferences. Initial dependability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training period of training to find out whenever programmers could continue utilizing the coding task that is actual. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, relate with assessments of coder contract acquired through the coding of the subset of programs within the program examples.

Coding procedures

Coders watched sequential 2-minute periods of system some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and discuss sex linked to nonheterosexuals. Because the coding ended up being restricted to system content and excluded commercials as well as other promotions, programmers utilized kitchen area timers in addition to counters regarding the videocassette recorders to track 2-minute intervals of system time. Programmers recorded data on scannable forms for every period because they viewed it. Although programmers had been permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous intervals to know the information in later people), they certainly were maybe maybe not permitted to rule backwards (i.e., use information learned later in system to return and alter the coding in a youthful period). All opening credits and the ones shutting credits associated with content through the present episode (i.e., your final scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

About 11 to 12per cent regarding the programs into the system examples (letter = 157 and n = 154 for the very first and second content analyses, correspondingly) had been arbitrarily assigned to two programmers for separate coding and dependability evaluation. After both programmers’ information was indeed recorded and analyzed for reliability purposes, the programmers then came across to eliminate any discrepancies within the two sets of ranks and create your final group of reviews for the show which was utilized in information analyses associated with the whole system test. Assessment of dependability had been carried out on a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took programmers to accomplish the whole system test every year. Programs out of every genre and each system kind had been contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented when you look at the double-coded examples in approximate percentage for their representation into the program that is overall.

The number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing led to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) during the level that is 2-minute-interval regularity counts during the system degree (wide range of intervals by which same-sex intimate behavior took place the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses used the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation regarding the percentage of variance within the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for chance. For period information including the regularity matters used right right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 ended up being utilized since the criterion for appropriate dependability. Both products utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same-sex intimate behavior was .97 in year 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas had been .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

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